A concussion is a traumatic brain injury (TBI) that is caused by an impact or jolt to the head or body that drives the brain against the inside of the skull.
Concussions result from car accidents, bike accidents, falls, sporting activities (football, baseball, lacrosse, etc.), and many other activities. A concussion temporarily interferes with how the brain works, and can cause bruising or bleeding of the brain.
Symptoms of a concussion include:
- Memory loss
- Impaired concentration
- Decreased coordination
- Sensitive to light or noise
- Sleep problems
- Loss of consciousness
- Changes in personality
- Slurred speech
Many concussions are undiagnosed. If you suspect that you or a loved one, such as a child involved in school athletics has suffered a concussion, you should seek medical attention. A medical doctor should perform a physical examination and check the nervous system. Tests may include an MRI, head CT scan or an EEG.
When someone can safely return to normal activities depends on the severity of the concussion. Concussions are graded on a scale of I to III. Grade I: a mild concussion with only some confusion and full memory of the event. Grade II: a moderate concussion with confusion and impaired memory, but no loss of consciousness. Grade III: a severe concussion with a loss of consciousness and no memory of the event.
Post-concussive syndrome (PCS), formally known as shell shock, occurs after a traumatic brain injury severe enough to cause a loss of consciousness and other significant signs of a concussion. It can last from days to more than a year.
Multiple or repeated concussions can be extremely dangerous, although not yet fully understood. Second-impact syndrome (SIS) is a condition in which the brain swells rapidly after a person suffers a second concussion. In many instances, the symptoms from an earlier concussion have not subsided, and sometimes have not even been diagnosed, yet. SIS can be fatal or can cause a severe disability.
An athlete who sustains a concussion must not return to play until cleared by someone trained in the proper management of these injuries, like a medical doctor, and all symptoms have resolved. It is best to play it safe when evaluating whether an athlete should return to action after a concussion.
At Abramson Smith Waldsmith, LLP, we handle complex cases involving serious brain injury and wrongful death litigation against all types of negligent parties throughout California. Our trial attorneys have the experience and resources to effectively represent our clients. Contact us to speak with an experienced San Francisco personal injury lawyer about your options if you or a loved one has been diagnosed with SIS.
We are leaders in the field of courtroom technology and electronic case presentation. This advantage allows juries to see and understand a large amount of evidence in a short period of time. Our use of technology clarifies complex issues, highlights inconsistencies in testimony and efficiently presents all available facts and information for the jury to consider. Our use of computer applications, short film clips and other electronic media leads to larger settlements and verdicts for our clients.
Our lawyers will use these techniques to prove negligence and how SIS occurred. We will use this evidence to effectively negotiate or litigate on your behalf.
We thoroughly prepare each case as though it is going to trial and keep clients informed of case developments and status. Contact us Link to Contact Us for personal representation and dedicated counsel today.