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Three things to know about traumatic brain injuries (TBIs)

According to the CDC, there were close to three million emergency-room visits and hospitalization in 2013. While they may be more common than expected, not many people know that much information about traumatic brain injuries, which is why this post answers the three most common questions about them. 

1. What is a traumatic brain injury?

When the head sustains a blow of significant force or an object violently penetrates the brain, what is known as a traumatic brain injury. Many know that the milder form of traumatic brain injuries, called concussions. However, the injuries can present themselves as much more severe, depending on the case.

2. What are common causes of traumatic brain injuries?

There are many things that can cause trauma to the brain. The most well-known causes include:

  • Open head injury: Like the name suggests, this trauma is caused from an open, penetrative wound, such as from a bullet or a shard of glass.
  • Closed head injury: These are one of the most common injuries, resulting from a blow to the head. Examples include slip and fall accidents and car crashes.

There are other types of trauma that can lead to traumatic brain injuries, which include deceleration, toxins, lack of oxygen, tumors and infections.

3. Symptoms of traumatic brain injuries?

Mild traumatic brain injuries can be hard to recognize, as minor symptoms such as headaches and trouble concentrating might appear in one's everyday life. However, there are more severe symptoms that one may deal with. Symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Blurry vision
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Seizures
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Coma

Thinking about the possibility of sustaining a brain injury can seem daunting, but knowing how they can present themselves and what the symptoms include may help alleviate some anxiety.

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