Abramson Smith Waldsmith LLP

Traumatic brain injuries may have long-term effects

There is an extremely wide range of injuries that may happen during a motor vehicle accident, from minor bruises to traumatic brain injuries. California residents who experience TBI may have different symptoms depending on the severity of the injury. While physical signs of a car accident may fade fairly quickly, a TBI could affect a patient for years to come.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, TBI accounts for a high number of deaths and disabilities in the United States. The statistics from 2014 indicate that there were approximately 2.87 million hospitalizations, emergency department visits and deaths that were TBI-related. Motor vehicle accidents were the most frequent cause of hospitalizations for TBI among people between the ages of 15 and 44. Traumatic brain injuries usually come from a blow or jolt to the head, and they may vary in severity. The most common form of mild TBI is a concussion. Severe TBI may include long periods of unconsciousness and lead to memory loss.

There are potential long-term consequences and neurological outcomes of TBI incidents. The National Center for Biotechnology Information indicates that a better understanding of the long-term consequences of TBI may lead to improved treatments. Behavioral studies show that some TBI consequences are progressive, causing cognitive and motor issues for prolonged periods of time.

Some long-term results of TBI include sleep disorders, seizures, psychiatric issues and neurodegenerative diseases. Examples of neurodegenerative diseases are Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. Experiencing a TBI may increase an individual's risk factor of developing one of these diseases in later years. In some severe cases, TBI may lead to progressive brain atrophy. A better understanding of the progressive nature of TBI and the different biological mechanisms it affects may help medical professionals improve the efficacy of therapeutic treatments.

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